In 1975, Section IV-D of the Social Security Act was established, which oversaw the collection of child support. Its goal was to help parents in California and elsewhere protect their children. It was designed to keep the family as whole as possible after a divorce where the children's father would support the children through child support payments.
In that time, it was common for fathers to go to work while mothers stayed home with the children. However, that is not necessarily the case anymore. More women have entered the workforce and have become financial providers as well, and in some cases, the father may never have contributed financially to the household. Furthermore, a child's mother and father may never have been married, with as many as 42 percent of births occurring out of wedlock.